To effectively deal with new threats, which have now become large and complex, it is increasingly necessary to receive the right information promptly. This is, in fact, an unavoidable need for anyone involved in security and defence, from surveillance of possible adversaries to monitoring of geopolitical dynamics and area crises, from understanding social tensions to developments in economies and international trade.
Intelligence deals with all of this, which has the task of collecting, analyzing and disseminating information and its own assessments in order to provide decision-makers with the cognitive tools to anticipate any evolution of the situation, contributing to the safeguarding of national security and the prevention of destabilizing activities of any nature.
It is, therefore, a mission to which both the military instrument and the police forces must contribute in a collaborative way, even if aimed at the “public” and different operators.
With regard, in particular, to the international situation, military intelligence has always tried to ensure a complete, clear and timely information framework, above all on areas of tension and crisis, in order to better coordinate and strengthen intervention capabilities to protect prestige, security and national interests.
In this context, in states that have a strong economic dependence on the sea, an area where national merchant traffic mainly develops and where there are enormous energy resources, essential for the economic survival of the country, the naval intelligence service has always occupied a prominent place in national hierarchies.
NAVIES AND TODAY’S INTELLIGENCE
The collection of information on and from the sea continues and includes an expansion of tasks. To the “classic” ones relating to the naval units and armaments of potential adversaries are added reconnaissance and surveillance tasks relating to drug trafficking or clandestine immigration, often carried out by modern slavers who exploit groups of desperate people (or criminals who have escaped justice of the country of origin) for profit.
In this context, the Navies, both with submarines and with aircraft, continue to operate, providing their own qualified contribution to the collection of information for evaluation by national intelligence operators.
To enhance national intelligence gathering capacity, numerous investments have been made in electronic intelligence, including satellite links, with the aim of monitoring and making skies and seas safer.
Enhanced intelligence would complement existing intelligence gathering, surface reconnaissance and surveillance, anti-ship warfare, underwater surveillance, anti-submarine warfare, anti-piracy surveillance, anti-drugs, anti-illegal immigration, sea search and rescue (SAR ), of coordination and control of the Forces.
All fundamental missions for national security that could be fulfilled with the use of a truly multi-purpose vehicle, the appropriate aircraft for maritime patrol that the Navy has been asking for from the Defense for years, avoiding squandering huge sums of money (we are talking about well over 5 billion euros) to expand a fleet of aircraft that could only perform the intelligence mission.
We talked about links with satellites for gathering information for intelligence. Technological development, in fact, today favors the collection of information also from space, through ad-hoc satellites which, by means of electronic or optoelectronic systems, make it possible to obtain photographs with a resolution unthinkable decades ago, or to control and disturb in a ” selective” emissions on the opposing electromagnetic spectrum, from cell phones to radars. In addition, they have the ability to perform targeted counter-terrorism operations, such as searching for the voice of a single wanted person through millions of telephone conversations and when they find it, pinpointing its location and tracking its movements.
Demix Group in collaboration with the CSF DEVELOPMENT group, specialized since 1987 in the creation of nautical innovation concepts, is developing the CORB project, a high-tech marine drone able to move and travel on the water autonomously, thanks to the GPS sensor installed. A drone that responds to orders thanks to the preset intelligence system, unlike existing ones that are instead controlled and managed by remote controls by a pilot or an operator.
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